Truvada Lawsuit: A Comprehensive Guide (2024)

Andrii Daniels


Reviewed By Adam Ramirez, J.D.


Read in 5 mins

Truvada was once thought to be a game-changer in the fight against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). As the years went by, an increasing number of patients and medical professionals started expressing concerns about the potential adverse effects of this drug, including bone density loss and kidney failure.

Truvada is one of five drugs manufactured and sold by Gilead Sciences that use tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to prevent and treat HIV. Over the past two decades, countless patients have used the drug for the treatment and prevention of HIV. Many of these patients are now filing lawsuits against Gilead Sciences over concerns that Truvada is causing potentially fatal health issues of which they were not properly warned by the drug’s maker.

A typical Truvada lawsuit includes allegations that the manufacturer failed to adequately warn about the dangers of the drug and many people are left living with bone problems, kidney damage, and other conditions. There may also be lawsuits against Gilead Sciences filed by family members of those who died from conditions allegedly caused by taking Truvada.

If you or someone you love took Truvada and suffered bone damage, kidney issues, or other conditions, you could potentially be entitled to financial compensation. You should discuss your case with a lawyer to know your best course of action. Our team at ConsumerShield can examine your individual circumstances to determine your eligibility for compensation. Fill out our ‘Contact Us’ form today.

Truvada Lawsuit Updates

  1. California Supreme Court to Review Gilead HIV Drug Case
  2. Gilead's Appeal on Federal Preemption Rejected in Truvada Litigation

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What is the Truvada Lawsuit?

With more than 1 million people in the United States living with HIV, according to statistics provided by AIDSVU, there is always an ongoing search for an HIV cure. For decades, medications like Truvada have been a beacon of hope for people with HIV. After all, having an oral drug that can treat and prevent the potentially deadly virus can be quite promising.

The History of Truvada

Truvada is manufactured and sold by Gilead Sciences, which is one of the leading biopharmaceutical companies that develop antiviral drugs used to treat influence, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and even COVID-19. Truvada, which was first released in 2004, is an oral prescription medicine that combines two HIV medications:

  • tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF).
  • emtricitabine (FTC).

The combination of these two medications treats HIV by blocking an enzyme that prevents the infection from multiplying and reduces the risk of contracting HIV in the first place. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Truvada as an HIV treatment in February 2004, according to the FDA’s website. In 2012, the drug was approved by the FDA for prevention of HIV.

How Does Truvada Work?

HIV cells cannot grow and multiply in the human body if they do not have a specific enzyme called HIV-1-Protease. When tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), an active ingredient in Truvada, is absorbed by HIV cells, it blocks the ability of these cells to use HIV-1-Protease to replicate in the body. This essentially stops HIV from multiplying and progressing to an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Truvada Side Effects

TDF, which blocks the replication of HIV cells in the human body, has been linked to a number of side effects that vary in severity from minor to life-threatening. A 2020 study published in the National Library of Medicine showed that the use of TDF, which is found in Truvada, can cause a great decrease in bone mineral density in patients. Other studies have also linked the use of HIV medications that contain TDF with an increased risk of kidney problems, including:

  • Acute kidney injury (AKI)
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • Kidney or renal failure
  • Renal insufficiency or impairment
  • Fanconi syndrome

Who Can File a Truvada Lawsuit?

You may be eligible to sue Gilead Sciences for the side effects experienced due to the use of Truvada if you can prove that the manufacturer was negligent or breached the drug’s warranty. Plaintiffs in a typical Truvada lawsuit claim that Gilead Sciences was aware or should have been aware that the active ingredient in the medication – TDF – was toxic in the recommended dosage and increased the risk of suffering permanent and potentially life-threatening damage to the bones and/or kidneys.

Do I Have a Viable Lawsuit Against Gilead Sciences?

At this point, it remains unclear how judges and juries in a Truvada class action lawsuit would rule or what Truvada lawsuit settlement amounts would be available to the plaintiffs if they succeed. While Gilead Sciences warned consumers of the possible risk of kidney problems and loss of bone density, the manufacturer included them in the long list of side effects instead of identifying them as likely dangers. Many plaintiffs allege that Gilead Sciences deliberately minimized what it knew to be significant risks.

Truvada Lawsuit Eligibility & Requirements

For many, the unfolding of this legal battle raises a pressing question: "Do I qualify to be part of this lawsuit?" Understanding the criteria and the steps involved is essential for those who believe they might have been adversely affected by Truvada.

Do I Qualify for

Truvada Lawsuit Compensation?
Free Case Review

Criteria for Eligibility:

Usage of Truvada or Related Medications

One of the primary qualifiers is having taken Truvada or other HIV medications containing Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), such as Viread, Atripla, Complera, or Stribild.

Medical Complications

If after taking the medication, you or a loved one experienced severe side effects like kidney issues, bone density reduction, fractures, or other related health problems, you might be eligible.


The duration between the consumption of the drug and the onset of side effects can be crucial in establishing a direct link between the medication and the adverse effects.

Medical Records

Having medical documentation that validates the injuries or health issues and correlates them with the consumption of Truvada can strengthen a potential claim.


If you were not adequately informed about the potential risks associated with Truvada or were unaware of the alleged safer alternatives, this could play a role in your eligibility.

If you were diagnosed with any of these conditions after taking Truvada, you may be entitled to financial compensation by pursuing an individual Truvada lawsuit against Gilead Sciences or joining an existing Truvada class action lawsuit. ConsumerShield can provide you with the guidance you need to understand your legal rights and options for Truvada litigation.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • The primary health concerns associated with Truvada stem from its active ingredient, Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). The most significant health issues reported are:

    • Kidney Complications: Truvada has been linked to severe kidney problems, including acute kidney injury, renal impairment, and Fanconi syndrome.
    • Bone Density Loss: Patients using Truvada have reported osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures. The drug's impact on bones can lead to a significant reduction in bone mineral density, making them more brittle.
  • The prolonged use of Truvada poses several long-term health risks:

    • Persistent Kidney Issues: Continued use can lead to chronic kidney diseases, necessitating long-term medical attention.
    • Ongoing Bone Density Reduction: The extended consumption of Truvada can exacerbate bone mineral density loss, increasing the risks of osteopenia, osteoporosis, and fractures.
    • Potential for Other Complications: While the primary concerns are kidney and bone-related issues, there's always a possibility of uncovering additional long-term effects as more research and patient experiences come to light.
  • The time frame to file a Truvada lawsuit, or the "statute of limitations," varies based on the jurisdiction. It generally starts from the date the injury was discovered or should have been reasonably identified. While this period is typically two to three years in many states, it can vary. Due to the complexities and the varying state laws, potential plaintiffs should consult with a lawyer. You can use the form on this page.

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